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Treatment Options for Burns

Burns    
 
 

 

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Burns   Soft Tissue Injuries
  Edge of Wound
  Pressure Ulcers
  Minor Wounds
 
  Scar Management
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 


 


   

 

 

Burns can be sustained in a number of ways. In children and the elderly, the most common cause of burns are scalds involving hot liquids, while in adults, flame burns are more prevalent. Other causes can include chemical contact, electrical and friction damage, and sunburn.

 

The seriousness of a burn injury depends on several factors including:

  • The size and depth of the burn
  • The location of the burn
  • The age and general medical condition of the burn patient

 

Clinical studies suggest that about 95% of all burns are relatively minor, however about 5% require hospitalisation and highly specialised treatment. The severity of a burn determines the type of treatment it requires. Previously, terminology used to describe burn damage included "First-degree", "Second-degree" and "Third-degree". This terminology has been replaced by the recognised grades of burns that detail the tissue depth as listed below:

  • Minor/Superficial (sometimes referred to as epidermal)
  • Superficial Partial Thickness
  • Mid Dermal Partial Thickness
  • Deep Dermal Partial Thickness
  • Full Thickness

 

Depth Characteristics  

 

Minor/Epidermal

 

Red

 

Painful

 

Usually not blistered

 

Will heal within approximately 7 days with no scarring

 

Minor/Epidermal

 

Superficial Dermal

 

 

 

Blistered with pale pink base

 

Very painful

 

Usually heals by epithelialisation in 10 - 14 days with no scarring

 

Superficial Dermal

 

Mid - Deep Dermal

 

 

 

Blotchy

 

Red or white base +/- blisters

No capillary return

 

Predominantly painless

 

Prolonged healing with possible scarring and contracture

 

Heal in 14 - 28 days

 

 

Mid - Deep Dermal

 

Full Thickness

 

 

 

Leathery, white or charred

 

Painless

 

Prolonged healing with scarring and possible loss of function

 

Full Thickness

 

For more information on the recognised grades of burn >

 

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Product Selection

 

 

Depth Product Selection  

 

Minor/Epidermal

 

Moisture donating:

 

Protective Dressings:

 

Minor/Epidermal

 

Superficial Dermal

 

Protective Dressings:

Exudate Management:

 

Superficial Dermal

 

Scar Management

 

Silicone Gel Sheet:

 

 

 

 

 

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Related Links

 

 

Sunburn >

 

Australian and New Zealand Burn Association (ANZBA) - www.anzba.org.au

 

Burns Education - www.burnsurgery.org

 

 

 

 

 

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