Few parts of the human body are more synonymous with sports injuries than the knee. Namely because the knee joint is instrumental in helping us perform almost every athletic task. Here we will look at some of the most common sports-related injuries to the knee. How they happen. What can be done to prevent them and how to treat them when they do occur.
One of the most common types of knee injuries is what is called a meniscal tear. The menisci are two horseshoe-shaped pieces of cartilage found between the thighbone (femur) and shinbone (tibia.) They act as a rubbery cushion that provides the knee with stability and behave as a shock-absorbing system. Meniscal injuries can happen in a variety of ways and are usually referred to as tears. Those playing sports can tear a meniscus by twisting a knee too hard. Tears can even occur from everyday life movements like stepping off a curb.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) stabilizes your knee and connects the thighbone (femur) to the shinbone (tibia.) The ACL is often torn by changing direction too quickly or landing from a jump.
Posterior cruciate ligament
The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is located on the back of your knee and connects your thighbone to your shinbone. The PCL can tear when you take a bad fall on a bent knee.
Patellofemoral Joint pain
This type of pain occurs around the front of the knee and is commonly found in athletes who put heavy stress on their knees.
Articular Cartilage Injuries
Arthritis is one of the purest forms of inflammation within the knee joint and is often used to describe wear and tear and loss of the articular cartilage along the gliding surfaces on the knee joint. Injuries to the articular cartilage can occur from rapid deceleration or quick changes in direction during athletic activity.