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Abstract #23

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Iodosorb* 0.9% Cadexomer Iodine

 

 

L.H.Zhou, W.K.Nahm, E.Badiavas, T.Yufit and V.
Falanga
British Journal of Dermatology 2002; 146: 365-374

 

 

Slow release iodine preparation and wound healing: in vitro effects consistent with lack of in vivo toxicity in human chronic wounds

 

Clinical Review Abstract

Background
Antiseptic agents, particularly slow-release preparations, are incr easingly being used in the management of chronic wounds. One such agent, cadexomer iodine, carries iodine (0.9% weight/weight) immobilized in beads of dextrin and epichlorhydrin and has been demonstrated to be highly effective in promoting healing of exudative wounds. However, there have been no studies directly assessing the potential lack of toxicity of cadexomer iodine on human cutaneous tissues.

 

Objectives
To determine if, within a certain concentration range, cadexomer iodine is non-toxic to human cells and cutaneous tissue and to assess histologically human chronic exudative wounds that are being treated with cadexomer iodine.

 

Methods
We examined the effects of varying concentrations of cadexomer iodine on the viability of human fibroblasts in culture (by trypan blue exclusion). The morphology, cellular proliferation capacity (measured by [ 3H] thymidine uptake), ability to produce a1(I) procollagen chain mRNA, and cell outgrowth from neonatal foreskin explants were also evaluated in human fibroblasts after incubation with various concentrations of cadexomer iodine. Moreover, biopsies of chronic exudative wounds concurrently treated with cadexomer iodine were stained haematoxylin and eosin or a Gram stain and evaluated microscopically.

 

Result
At concentrations of up to 0.45%, cadexomer iodine was found to be non-toxic to fibroblasts in vitro; there were no changes in viability, morphology, cellular proliferation, ability to produce collagen, and cell outgrowth from explants. In vivo, skin biopsies of chronic exudative wounds being treated with cadexomer iodine demonstrated no evidence of cell necrosis, displayed reepithelialization, and revealed bacteria within the cadexomer beads.

 

Conclusions
These studies demonstrate that cadexomer iodine has definite non-toxic concentration ranges for fibroblasts in vitro, which are consistent with a lack of cellular toxicity in human chronic exudative wounds treated with cadexomer iodine. Cadexomer iodine may also have the additional property of trapping microorganisms.

 

Key words: antiseptic, cadexomer iodine, collagen, fibroblast, thymidine uptake, wounds

 

Slough Removal Antibacterial Efficacy Sustained Antibacterial effect Exudate Management Effective Wound Healing Odour Patient Comfort Cost/Time Savings Sensitivity
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